Factores asociados con la intención de trabajo fuera de la capital en estudiantes de Medicina de siete países de Latinoamérica

  • Descripción del artículo
  • Objective. To assess factors associated with the intention of working outside the capital of medical students in seven Latin American countries. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional multicenter study, first and fifth year medical students of during the months of September 2011 and July 2012. It wa...

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Main Author: Flores Anaya, Lizeth Mirtha
Other Authors: León Lozada, Cinthia Katherine
Format: Tesis de grado
Language: spa
Published: 2015
Subjects:
Online Access: http://hdl.handle.net/10757/621835
Summary:Objective. To assess factors associated with the intention of working outside the capital of medical students in seven Latin American countries. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional multicenter study, first and fifth year medical students of during the months of September 2011 and July 2012. It was considered as a participant to all those studying at a university outside the capital of each country involved. The main variable was measured by self-report of place of intention of work to 10 years. PRs were calculated crude and adjusted Poisson regression of single and multiple. Results. 2669 students included in the analysis, 52% were male, the mean age 20.5 + 3.0 years and 6.5% had one or more children. The intention of working outside the capital rate was 45.9%, being Chile, the country with the highest intention of work with 79.3%. No greater association with age, school education, the father’s instruction degree, place of birth of both student and mother, year of study, university financing, medical family members, perception of remuneration and motivational profile in the bivariate analysis found. Multivariate analysis found association with have a child or more (RPa: 1.16; 95% CI: 1.04-1.31), have a father born in province (RPa: 1.33, 95%CI: 1.11-1.60), have a mother with no higher education (RPa: 1.18; 95%CI: 1.07-1.31) and have a lower salary expectation (RPa: 1.15; 95%CI: 1.03-1.29) Conclusions. Only one in two medical students plans to work outside the capital, with clear differences by country. The factors associated with the intention to work were parenthood, characteristics of the parents and salary expectation.

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