|Summary:||In recent years, and after valuable discoveries, the kiwicha is returning to the value it once had, which has led to the need to conserve the genetic material of the species in specialized stations such as Kayra in Cusco, Canaan in Ayacucho, Baños of the Inca in Cajamarca, Santa Ana in Huancayo and Tingua in Huaraz. Its highest production is in the high regions of Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Northeast of Argentina, which determines the important value that must be highlighted of the role played by wild relatives in the improvement of cultivated species. Based on what was mentioned in the previous paragraph and knowing that our country has promising Andean species such as Kiwicha, it was proposed to determine the potential wild relatives for the improvement of Amaranthus caudatus L. "kiwicha" in Peru. Collections were made through botanical explorations programmed to several localities in Peru. Then a critical review of the specialized bibliography was carried out and reinforcing this information with that obtained by the personal experience of both researchers and local and regional inhabitants. They are reported to Amaranthus Blitum L., Amaranthus caudatus L., Amaranthus celosioides HBK, Amaranthus cruentus L., Amaranthus deflexus L., Amaranthus dubius C. Marthius ex thellung, Amaranthus hybridus L., Amaranthus lividus L., Amaranthus peruvianus (Schnauzer) standley, Amaranthus spinosus L., Amaranthus urceolatus Bentham and Amaranthus Viridis L. as potential wild relatives for the improvement of Amaranthus caudatus L. "kiwicha" in Peru.|
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