Caracterización y valoración económica de la contaminación acústica vehicular en el distrito de iquitos, Perú 2007-20058

  • Descripción del artículo
  • The demographic growth of 3.2% per year in the city of Iquitos (INEI, 1996), has increased the massive transport demand likewise this has increased the growth of the public transport, cars, motocarsand, motorcycles that accompanied of the rigid offer of the road infrastructure, it has developed into...

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Main Author: Gamarra Ramírez, Jesús
Format: Tesis de doctorado
Language: spa
Published: 2008
Subjects:
Online Access: http://dspace.unitru.edu.pe/handle/UNITRU/5271
Summary:The demographic growth of 3.2% per year in the city of Iquitos (INEI, 1996), has increased the massive transport demand likewise this has increased the growth of the public transport, cars, motocarsand, motorcycles that accompanied of the rigid offer of the road infrastructure, it has developed into a permanent urban noise pollution. The object of the investigation has been to characterize these noises and to elaborate a map of the principal urban routes of Iquitos, classified under residential, commercial and institucional zones. The World Health Organization (WHO) promotes an upper limit of 55 decibels (dB) during the day and of 45 dB during the night. The materials used were the city plane of Iquitos, sonómetros and booklets to capture information in the routes selected. The obtained results demonstrated that the averages of the dB in the different zones and in different schedules, overcome widely the standards recommended by the WHO. That is why it is possible to affirm that Iquitos city is been exposed to the effects of the noise pollution as psychological alterations, distortion of the dream, loss of hearing and the risk of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases for adults respiratory processes. For children the main problems are alteration of the dream, respiratory processes and the difficulty for learning and the language.

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