Relación del peso al nacer con el índice de masa corporal y la presión arterial en preescolares de 5 años del distrito de Trujillo

  • Descripción del artículo
  • To evaluate the relationship of birth weight with body mass index and systolic and diastolic blood pressure at 5 years of age. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional study, in which 194 preschool children of 5 years who studied at 4 early childhood education center wich were m...

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Main Author: Vargas Ferrer, Juan Edder
Format: Tesis de grado
Language: spa
Published: 2018
Subjects:
Online Access: http://dspace.unitru.edu.pe/handle/UNITRU/9749
Summary:To evaluate the relationship of birth weight with body mass index and systolic and diastolic blood pressure at 5 years of age. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional study, in which 194 preschool children of 5 years who studied at 4 early childhood education center wich were measured weight, height and blood pressure . The revision of birth weight was obtained from the “Carnet de crecimiento y desarrollo”. The Spearman correlation index was estimated. RESULTS: From 194 children evaluated it was found that 4% were macrosomic and 7% had low birth weight. Also , 30% of children are obese and 22% fall within in the overweight. When measuring systolic blood pressure, 6% presented hypertension and 7% prehypertension, while in diastolic blood pressure it was found that 2% had hypertension and 5% had prehypertension. A correlation was observed between birth weight and the body mass index value value (rs = 0.43, p <0.05). No correlation was found between birth weight with blood pressure systolic nor diastolic. CONCLUSION: There is a positive correlation of moderate intensity between birth weight and body mass index value. There is no correlation between birth weight and blood pressure

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