|Summary:||ABSTRACT The present investigation had as object of study the competition of the rural rondas in the crimes of greater affectation to the public interest in the period 1997-2012, where the problematic one is approached with respect to if the peasant rondas of Peru can know and sanction crimes that they seriously affect the public interest as long as there is express regulations that empower such competence, as long as it is coordinated with the other entities of administration of justice. To test our hypothesis, in the sense that the Peasants' Rounds of Peru will be able to know and punish crimes that seriously affect the public interest as long as there is an express norm that empowers said competence as soon as it is coordinated with the other entities of administration of justice, a study sample consisting of 13 Supreme Court judgments in the 1997 - 2012 period was considered, where proceedings against the Peasants' Rounds of Peru, the Plenary Agreement 1-2009, the Declaration of Ayacucho- VII International Congress of Intercultural Justice were aired and 6 bills that recognize the peasant communities competence to know and punish crimes. For the collection of data, the techniques of documentary analysis and observation were used, with their respective instruments, which were organized in tables and figures. The Inductive-Deductive, Hermeneutical and Historical methods were also used to discuss the results and infer the conclusions. The investigation concludes that the rural rondas of Peru cannot know and punish crimes that seriously affect the public interest since there is no express norm that empowers such competence as soon as it is coordinated with the other entities of administration of justice, and also because this type of crimes not only directly affect the community but also to the legal rights of an entire country and the State must act to defend society in general, including the peasant and indigenous communities.|
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