Characteristics of violence during teenage pregnancy in Lima, Peru

  • Descripción del artículo
  • Objectives. To determine the characteristics of violence seen in pregnant teenagers who were treated at the Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal (INMP) in Lima, Peru. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out by INMP between January and March, 2010 using a probabilistic and syst...

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Main Author: Contreras-Pulache, Hans; Centro de Investigación ANASTOMOSIS. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano.
Other Authors: Mori-Quispe, Elizabeth; Centro de Investigación ANASTOMOSIS. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano., Hinostroza-Camposano, Willy D.; Centro de Investigación ANASTOMOSIS. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano., Yancachajlla-Apaza, Maribel; Centro de Investigación ANASTOMOSIS. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano., Lam-Figueroa, Nelly; Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú. médico ginecoobstetra, magíster en medicina., Chacón-Torrico, Horacio; Facultad de Medicina Humana. Universidad Científica del Sur. Lima, Perú. estudiante de medicina.
Format: Artículo
Language: spa
Published: 2014
Subjects:
Online Access: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/271
Summary:Objectives. To determine the characteristics of violence seen in pregnant teenagers who were treated at the Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal (INMP) in Lima, Peru. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out by INMP between January and March, 2010 using a probabilistic and systematic sampling. The study unit comprises every hospitalized teenager who had just given birth and who lived in Lima. A semi-structured interview was conducted. History of violence was operationalized into: verbal violence (insults, ridicule, and humiliation), physical violence (arm pulling, hair pulling, pushes), direct aggression (slaps, kicking, burns) and sexual violence (sexual intercourse without consent). Results. 292 teenage mothers aged 16,5 ± 1 in average took part in the study. 47.9% lived with their partners and 51.4% were single. In 97.3% of the cases, they got pregnant as a result of a conserted sexual relationship, while 2.7% got pregnant as a result of rape. 90.1% of teenage mothers reported not having planned the pregnancy. Conserning history of violence: 48.1% had had verbal violence, 17.1% physical violence, 8.2% direct aggression and 6.8% sexual violence. Conclusions. Violence during teenage pregnancy is not an isolated event; actually, it is rather common in any of its forms.

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