|Summary:||Reflections on the Chachapoya in the ChinchaysuyuCultural groups and cultural identity are some of the most discussed subjects in archaeology, history and anthropology. Material culture as artefacts and burial customs as well as building constructions reflect contacts between different regions, but how is it possible to reveal the cultural identity of a specific people in time and space?The Tawantinsuyu consisted of many ethnic groups, and Inca policies varied in different provinces, but how were cultural identities perceived by the Incas in their politics? It is generally understood that the Inca domination of a region can only be assessed on the basis of knowledge of the society that preceded it and by an understanding of the geographical landscape.Based on archaeological and ethnohistorical research I will discuss how a common cultural identity of the Chachapoyas as one group was created by the Incas for their political and socio-economic interests in a landscape that became loaded with Inca presence. The whole spatial setting of Inca installations in the landscape was charged with meanings that became essential for their existence in the land of the Chachapoya. The different señorios in the Chachapoyas province shared a common identity in settlement patterns, architectural design and ceramic tradition. Inca and Chachapoya identities and relations were a potent force of change where aggression and violence seem to have played an important and integrated cultural role.|
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